If you are interested in learning about how to treat bronchitis in children, you must consult an experienced doctor. As parents, we become anxiety-prone when it comes to our kids, especially when they suffer from breathing ailments. Acute bronchitis refers to irritation and swelling in the child’s air passages, leading to cough and other breathing problems. It is often a result of another illness like the flu or cold, and spreads from the nose and throat to the airways and windpipe.
Before Knowing How to Treat Bronchitis in Children – Causes and Symptoms
Bronchitis in children is usually caused by germs such as virus, yeast, fungus or bacteria. Exposure to polluted air may be caused once your child breathes in the air which contains pollution, dust or chemical fumes. Cigarette smoke can be extremely harmful too. If you are smoking around your child, they run a high risk of developing acute bronchitis. At times, bronchitis can be caused due to medical problems such as allergies, heart ailments, allergies and swollen tonsils.
The symptoms of bronchitis in children include constant cough which can last up to a month. The cough may be dry or throw up white, yellow, green or blood-stained mucus. The child may even experience chest pain when they cough or take a deep breath. Other signs are chills, fever, body aches, sore throat and exhaustion.
Diagnosis and How to Treat Bronchitis in Children
The first step in understanding how to treat bronchitis in children is to go for the right diagnosis. The caregiver will ask about medical conditions, signs and symptoms before recommending blood tests for assuaging the mechanism of the body. The blood is generally taken from the arm, hand or IV. Sometimes, doctors will recommend an X-ray of the chest to see the condition of the heart and lungs, and detect signs of an infection such as pneumonia. The X-rays also indicate fluid around the heart and lungs of your child.
Look for emergent care if the child’s condition worsens. If they are grunting, tiring, stops breathing, or their skin turns blue, immediate medical attention should be sought. Severe bronchiolitis should be handled at a clinic which is specialized in addressing urgent respiratory illnesses. Bronchitis is life-threatening condition and this is why treatment should not be delayed. Since there is no treatment for bronchitis, one must ensure that the child drinks enough or takes saline nose drops. Monitor the child at home by observing any symptoms of worsening. Acetaminophen can be given to control fever. Ibuprofen is recommended for babies over 6 months of age. Children under 18 can take aspirin.
Nasal drops and sprays may help with congestion. Saline nose drops may thin the mucus in infants. Encourage the child to drink adequate amounts of fluids, but not additional fluids. Coughing is a way for the body to clear the lings and this does not need treatment. About 3% of children with bronchitis might require hospital or supportive care and treatment. Isolation precautions may be effective in preventing the spread of the virus to other patients and children. An important pointer in how to treat bronchitis in children would be to prevent it by making certain lifestyle changes. These would include stopping smoking, avoiding pollution and irritants, and frequent washing of the hands to prevent the infection from spreading.